六枝| 界首| 大名| 湘潭市| 潍坊| 楚州| 泾源| 西藏| 望都| 乌鲁木齐| 盘山| 黔西| 融安| 蒙城| 临县| 东丽| 开江| 高邑| 天镇| 蓝山| 泽州| 绵阳| 诏安| 梅州| 忻州| 鹤壁| 舞阳| 肥西| 隆回| 罗田| 疏勒| 牙克石| 鄂温克族自治旗| 集贤| 稷山| 淮北| 汉川| 哈尔滨| 松溪| 尼勒克| 舒兰| 佳木斯| 揭阳| 柞水| 平舆| 安塞| 磐安| 潮安| 屏南| 阳原| 方城| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 临澧| 上高| 达尔罕茂明安联合旗| 龙凤| 雷州| 来凤| 灵台| 简阳| 奉节| 余庆| 泗洪| 临洮| 高淳| 漳浦| 门源| 丹寨| 息烽| 海晏| 遵义县| 乌伊岭| 平果| 香格里拉| 满城| 荣成| 镇坪| 花都| 华坪| 米脂| 宁夏| 琼中| 明光| 南部| 麻城| 平罗| 陵县| 吉水| 承德县| 郾城| 蓬莱| 灌云| 英德| 李沧| 茶陵| 浪卡子| 诸城| 洱源| 祁连| 寿光| 正镶白旗| 龙江| 临沧| 那坡| 平顶山| 乌鲁木齐| 资中| 炉霍| 湟中| 阿克塞| 东川| 西盟| 晋州| 岑溪| 纳雍| 宝安| 彭阳| 长清| 山丹| 长兴| 蓬溪| 玉龙| 建阳| 松桃| 岳池| 长清| 冠县| 徽县| 昌黎| 东光| 大余| 宜秀| 乌兰察布| 大埔| 张家川| 阳西| 仁化| 江都| 安阳| 巧家| 江宁| 新青| 靖边| 武山| 海宁| 双城| 沅江| 辉南| 岚山| 荣昌| 西峡| 兴义| 新河| 苏家屯| 武隆| 石狮| 平果| 烈山| 丰宁| 册亨| 三亚| 阜新市| 昌乐| 上饶市| 乐陵| 易门| 靖安| 猇亭| 繁峙| 喀什| 南丰| 咸宁| 班玛| 保靖| 包头| 东宁| 化德| 吉隆| 常山| 秭归| 大理| 肇东| 遂平| 和布克塞尔| 青州| 格尔木| 徐州| 青冈| 漳平| 陇川| 永顺| 进贤| 台东| 阜城| 垦利| 石城| 文安| 忠县| 凤凰| 固始| 广元| 获嘉| 克山| 会昌| 贵德| 玉门| 梧州| 景谷| 广水| 正定| 屯留| 惠水| 宜君| 加格达奇| 保靖| 水富| 东丰| 江口| 临县| 青海| 砚山| 北海| 革吉| 淮滨| 富锦| 眉县| 江川| 冠县| 垣曲| 武夷山| 武胜| 莱西| 博野| 无棣| 临泉| 星子| 庐江| 寻乌| 南涧| 兴城| 康平| 武穴| 城步| 泰和| 樟树| 海沧| 鹿泉| 蒲县| 木垒| 西山| 湘东| 瓮安| 绵阳| 平遥| 九台| 鄂托克前旗| 洛南| 临沧| 天等| 五寨| 君山| 阿拉尔| 宝兴|

擦便便卫生纸不只是艺术 还能有更大的用处

2019-10-14 13:55 来源:中国企业信息网

  擦便便卫生纸不只是艺术 还能有更大的用处

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)

Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)ThankstoChinaseffortsinpursuingbalancedregionaldevelopmentandopeningupitswesterninterior,,NataliaKosan,andover300PolishproductshavebeensoldinChinaasaresultofhercompany,,fromBritain,hasjoinedwithseveralfriendsinestablish,,amonth,thecompanyhelpe,France,theUnitedStates,,ChengduHi-TechIndustrialDevelopmentZone,wherethecompanyislocated,hasopenedEnglishlanguagewindowsandservicesatbanksandtelecommunicationcompanies,,thepublicsecuritybureauofChengdul,411foreignersholdingaresidencepermit,,,saidthecityssupportforforeigninvestmentandtalent,rapidlydevelopingtechnologicalstrengthandfavorableenvironmentforinnovationandlivingarealldrivingforcesforattractingforeigntalent.

  TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,onOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)RussiandancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)PakistanidancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)UzbekdancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)UzbekdancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)

  AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AnaerialviewofHuangguoshuWaterfallasbiggestflowoftheyearthundersdowninAnshuncity,SouthwestChinasGuizhouProvince,June4,heregion.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)HuangguoshuWaterfallinAnshuncity,SouthwestChinasGuizhouProvince,June4,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)AnaerialviewofHuangguoshuWaterfallinAnshuncity,SouthwestChinasGuizhouProvince,June4,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService)AnaerialviewofHuangguoshuWaterfallinAnshuncity,SouthwestChinasGuizhouProvince,June4,2018.(Photo/ChinaNewsService),2018.(Photo/Xinhua)

AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)AdinosaurfossilisondisplayonthefirstflooroftheEiffelTowerinParis,France,June2,,themysteriousdinosaurskeletonfetchedmorethan$,thoughttobeanewspeciesbelongingtothetheropodfamily,datesbacktothelateJurassicperiodandis150millionyearsold.(Photo/Agencies)

  InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedsprayerworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)AnunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June2,2018.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedricetransplanterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedricetransplanterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,adroneworksoverafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,twounmannedsprayersworkinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)

  Special:Inhisremarksdeliveredatthe2015-17summitsoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO),ChinesePresidentXiJinpingcalledonSCOmemberstoupholdtheShanghaiSpirit,ana,Kazakhstanin2017,Xisaid:"FirmlycommittedtotheShanghaiSpirit,SCOmemberstatesaremakingsolidprogressontheroadofbuildingacommunityofsharedfuture,thusestablishingafineexampleofthenewtypeofinternationalrelationsfeaturingwin-wincooperation.""TheShanghaiSpirithn,"UzbekcapitalTashkentin2016,XipraisedtheremarkaticetheShanghaiSpirit,whichfeaturesmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,,Russiain2015,Xisaid:"Featuringmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectingdiversecivilizationsandseekingcommondevelopment,theShanghaiSpirithasoverthepast15yearsunderpinnedtheSCOsdevelopmentandrepresentsthetrendincontemporaryinternationalrelations.""ItismyconvictionthatbyupholdingtheShanghaiSpiritandactingwithunityandmutualsupport,wewillsurelyenabletheSCOtogrowfromstrengthandmakenewstridesinanewhistoricalstage,"hesaid."broadrangeofareaswithitsobserverstatesanddialoguepartnersaswellasothercountries,andinfurtherreviewingtheapplicationsfromtherelatedcountriesforlegalstatusintheSCOinaccordancewithitsregulationsandtheprincipleofconsensus,",XisaidthatmembersoftheSCOhaveworkedtobuildpoliticalmutualtrustandfirmlysupportedeachotherty,engagealllike-mindedinternationalpartnersinwide-rangingcooperationandactasaconstructiveforceforthehealthydevelopmentoftheinternationalorder,artiesonboard,,Xisaid:"Weshouldupholdinternationalequityandjustice,promotemultilateralismandopenness,respecteachothersinterests,refrainfrominterferinginothercountrysinternalaffairs,settledisputesthroughpeacefulmeansandseekcommondevelopmentandprosperitywithawin-winapproach."Atthe2017meeting,Xisaid:"Atpresent,theinternafcommunitywithasharedfuture,andbuildacommonhomeofsecurity,stability,developmentandprosperity.""ItisimportantforSCOcountriestobringourpeople,youthinparticular,closertoeachother,sothatthegood-neighborlinessandcooperationbetweenuswillbecarriedforwardbythefuturegenerations,",Xisaid:"Upholdingse,forestallthespreadofterroristandreligiousextremistideologiesandstopforceswithhiddenagendafromunderminingpeaceandstabilityinourregion.""Weshouldtakestrongmeasurestoadvancecounter-terrorism,drugcontrolanddefensecooperation,increaseSCOsecurityoperationcapacity,andstrengthenthenetworkoflawenforcementcooperation,"Xisaid."Toseeknewgrowthareasandimprovepeople,theSCOshouldencourageitsmemberstatestocreatemorecooperationopportunitiesandstriveforearlyharvestinregionaleconomiccooperation,"hesaid."Weshouldtakeevenbigg,improvetradestructure,adoptcommonmeasures,andharmonizebusiness,customs,qualityinspectionandtransportpolicies,",XisaidtheSCOcountrieshavealsogreatlystrengthenedtheircooperationintrade,business,finance,energyandtransportation,hefoundationforfuturedevelopment,Xisaid,addingthatChinaiswillingtosupportothermemberstatesinarchaeologystudiesandrestoringhistoricalsites,aswellascommunicateandcooperateinsuchfieldsasyouth,healthcareandenvironmentalprotection.,butonlyifWashingtonabandonsitsthreattoslaptariffsonChineseimports,,corn,naturalgas,sinthefirstyear,mpadministrationcontinuedwiwosides,andfollow-upnegotiationsmightbeneeded."ToimplementtheconsensusreachedinWashington,thetwosideshavehadgoodcommunicationinvariousareassuchasagricultureandenergy,andhavemadepositiveandconcreteprogresswhilerelevantdetailsareyettobeconfirmedbybothsides,"sever-growingneedsforabetterlifeandtherequirementsofhigh-qualityeconomicdevelopment,Chinaiswillingtoincreaseimportsfromothercountries,includingtheUnitedStates,whichwillbenefitpeopleofbothcountriesandtherestoftheworld,tiesmeeteachotherhalfwayandwillnotengageinatradewar,itsaid.","thestatementread.

  OntarioProvincialPoliceofficersworkatthesiteofacrashinvolvingatourbusonHighway401West,nearPrescott,Ontario,Canada,June4,,fourwithlife-threateninginjuries,herelevantCanadianauthoritiestoverifythesituation.(Photo/IC)OntarioProvincialPoliceofficersworkatthesiteofacrashinvolvingatourbusonHighway401West,nearPrescott,Ontario,Canada,June4,,fourwithlife-threateninginjuries,herelevantCanadianauthoritiestoverifythesituation.(Photo/IC)

  PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AcuratorintroducestheAfricanArtExhibitionheldinsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)JournaliststakephotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AjournalisttakesphotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AviewofthestonesutrasatBangtuoMonastery,RangtangCounty,SouthwestChina’,000stoneslabsinscribedwithTripitakascriptures,whichweremadeintheMingandQingdynastiesbymorethan60masonsoveraperiodofnineyearsonanareaof598squaremeters,thelargestandbest-preservedstonesutrasintheworld.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)AviewofthestonesutrasatBangtuoMonastery,RangtangCounty,SouthwestChina,000stoneslabsinscribedwithTripitakascriptures,whichweremadeintheMingandQingdynastiesbymorethan60masonsoveraperiodofnineyearsonanareaof598squaremeters,thelargestandbest-preservedstonesutrasintheworld.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)AviewofthestonesutrasatBangtuoMonastery,RangtangCounty,SouthwestChina,000stoneslabsinscribedwithTripitakascriptures,whichweremadeintheMingandQingdynastiesbymorethan60masonsoveraperiodofnineyearsonanareaof598squaremeters,thelargestandbest-preservedstonesutrasintheworld.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)

  (LtoR)IvoryCoastsAbdramaneDembele,2m35,FrancesBrahimTakioullah,2m46andArmeniasArshavirGrigoryan,2m33,walkinthecrowdontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,stallestpeoplemetinParisforaweekend.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)

  CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

  AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)TheSoyuzMS-07capsulecarryingthecrewofNorishigeKanaiofJapan,AntonShkaplerovofRussia,hetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)GroundpersonnelhelpInternationalSpaceStationcrewmemberAntonShkaplerovofRussiatogetoutoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleshortlyafterlandinginaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)GroundpersonnelcarryInternationalSpaceStationcrewmemberNorishigeKanaiofJapantogetoutoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleshortlyafterlandinginaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)InternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crewmemberAntonShkaplerovofRussiagetsmedicaltreatmentshortlyafterthelandingoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleinaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-07capsulecarryingthecrewofNorishigeKanaiofJapan,AntonShkaplerovofRussia,,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  

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揭秘南航女机长:2000多飞行员仅5人 高薪高颜值也愁嫁

大洋网-广州日报

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摘要: 南航广州飞行部一共有2000多名飞行员,女飞行员只有17名,女机长一共才5名,堪称飞行员行业内珍稀的“大熊猫”。 Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongstthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)

在一般人眼中,常年在天上翱翔的女飞行员是女中豪杰,她们的工作神秘而浪漫。南航广州飞行部一共有2000多名飞行员,女飞行员只有17名,女机长一共才5名,堪称飞行员行业内珍稀的“大熊猫”。女飞行员究竟是怎样炼成的?飞机延误难道真的是因为机长“开得太慢”?

带着这些疑问,在劳动节前夕,本报记者采访了南航80后女机长龚倩和90后女副驾驶高静。“延误四五个小时对旅客来说已经算长的了,但对我们来说这是家常便饭,延误时,旅客可以在候机楼里溜达溜达。但我只能坐在驾驶舱里等信息,一坐就是十几个小时。最不希望飞机晚点的人是我们。”女机长龚倩说,女飞行员是一个非常艰辛的职业,一天的工作时间最长达到18小时,如果飞早班机,凌晨4时就要起床。常年同一个姿势坐着,也使她们落下了“职业病”。女飞行员,并不像人们想象的那样风光而轻松。

文/广州日报全媒体记者肖欢欢、李华 通讯员李晓岚

图/广州日报全媒体记者廖雪明 

视频/广州日报全媒体记者郑婕

今年32岁的龚倩是南航广州飞行部空客A320机队机长。盘起头发的她穿起飞行员制服,看起来英姿飒爽。龚倩毕业于中国民航飞行学院,2007年7月加入南航。 

凌晨4时起床开早班机

龚倩如今对空客A320飞机几乎如数家珍,它空载42.4吨,最大起飞重量77吨,巡航速度为0.78马赫数,最大航速为0.82马赫数。对于驾驶舱里密密麻麻几百个按钮,龚倩笑着说,她眼闭着都知道哪个是哪个,“在座位上触手可及的按钮都是有用的。 ”

飞行前,龚倩差不多要做两个小时的准备工作,包括飞行目的地的机场特征、天气状况、飞行途中气流状况等。每次飞行前要提前90分钟报到,如果飞早班机,她凌晨4时就要起床。起飞前她都要仔细检查飞机,将飞机重量、配载重量输入电脑,然后乘务员就会将飞机餐拿上来并打扫卫生,这些活忙完后,旅客就可以登机了。

龚倩说,飞机飞行的最大考验在于降落,降落的过程就好比将车安全停到停车场里。如果遇到大风、雷雨等恶劣天气,将飞机安全地飞下来并对准跑道,就很考验飞行员的水平。不同的机场有不同的地形条件,对飞行员来说,降落的难度也不一样。

工作常忘了自己是女性

飞了10年,龚倩逐渐忽略了自己的性别,因为这是工作的需要。

“我们经理就说,等什么时候你坐进驾驶舱,别人不把你当女人看待时,你就可以当机长了。机长只是一个职业符号。”10年下来,龚倩的搭档都是男的,但在驾驶舱,很少会有与飞行无关的东西和言语,“每次都要百分百地投入,很多事情都是在短短一分钟内发生,没机会让你分散注意力去想别的。”

入行十年,龚倩发现,飞行员绝不是一个浪漫的行业。“工作久了你就会觉得这个工作还是挺无聊、枯燥的,每天都在重复同样的事情,就是在天上飞,只不过是飞不同的地方而已。只是收入也还不错,你不能要求更高了。”

龚倩没看过《冲上云霄》,因为真实的飞行员生活很平淡,电视剧中的情节,跟真实的飞行员生活相差太远。

入行快4年的高静也有同感,26岁的高静是一位气质优雅的安徽姑娘,她是南航波音737机队的副驾驶。在航校时,她对这个行业充满憧憬,她决定以后自己飞到哪一个城市,一定要拍一张这个机场的照片,“但现在,我到了哪个机场,想的就是赶紧收拾客舱、加油,赶紧回家。”高静笑着说,直到现在,乘务员看到高静穿着制服开飞机,都是满满的羡慕,“她们觉得你很牛。”

十年从未在家过春节

在龚倩看来,飞行员这一行,有时也还挺孤独的,起得很早,回到家却很晚。“家里有事的时候,我们可能正在飞机上,手机关机,联系不上。家里人生病了,也只能由亲戚朋友去照顾。有些心酸是不能用语言来形容的。”龚倩说,自己养什么花都会养死。

龚倩每个月要飞约20天,休息时间基本用来睡觉,因为开飞机特别熬人,航班的时间很不规律,常常黑白颠倒。大家最闲的时候,恰恰是她最忙的时候,龚倩工作十年了,从来没有在家过过一个春节。鸡年春节,她从大年二十九一直工作到正月初三。

这么多年来,与家人聚少离多一直是龚倩的心头之痛,凌晨一两点回家是常有的事,有时连和5岁的女儿说上几句话的机会都没有。这让她很内疚。“女儿挺懂事,一开始她还会问,妈妈你为什么回来这么晚,现在她都不问了。”

虽然未婚,但高静也觉得与家人相聚时间太短。“一年到头,除了飞,都想不起来自己干了什么事。” 

除了工作辛苦,机长还要承受很多不理解和抱怨。飞机晚点,绝大多数原因都是因为天气,但有时旅客不理解,对机组和空乘人员发脾气。以广州为例,10月中旬到第二年3月天气都比较正常,从4月开始到10月这半年就经常会延误。龚倩在工作中经常遇到这种情况。“其实,最想起飞的人是我们,最不希望飞机晚点的人也是我们,因为飞机早点降落,我们就可以早点回家。”   

最大的“兴趣爱好”是睡觉

尽管今年才32岁,但常年的飞行却让龚倩落下了“职业病”。她有腰椎间盘突出,因为常年坐着,一坐就是十多个小时。因为不能按时吃饭,她还有慢性胃炎。她还经常睡不好,因为生物钟全是乱的。“你们偶尔吃顿飞机餐还觉得味道不错,我们天天吃飞机餐,都快吃吐了。”龚倩一脸无奈。

今年才26岁的高静虽然工作还不到4年,却也有了“职业病”,腰酸、腰疼,腿有时有些水肿,主要原因是她长时间保持一个姿势坐着。

脱下身上的制服,龚倩和普通的女性也没什么区别,她喜欢在家看看书,出去看看电影。逛逛街,买买东西,当然,最大的兴趣爱好还是睡觉。高静在业余时间则喜欢养养花。龚倩说,每次休息一段时间,再重新穿上制服,准备飞的时候,感觉就像打了鸡血一样。“机长对我来说,更多的是一种责任。”

让她感到幸福的是,她的丈夫是南航的空中管制员,有时,龚倩在天上飞,丈夫在地面上给她“导航”,指挥她将飞机降落,在空中开着飞机的龚倩一听声音就知道是丈夫。

即便是高静这样高颜值、年薪数十万元的优质女生,也有烦恼,“我们找男朋友难啊。圈子太窄了,基本上没机会,也没时间接触外面的人,所以内部消化的比较多,女飞行员的生活,有时只有业内人士才能理解,很多人也很难接受一个女孩子天天在天上飞,联系不上。”

不过,这份工作带给高静的乐趣就是工作时间自由,工作环境相对简单,“每天带着箱子去飞,没什么乱七八糟的事,心理上会轻松很多。”

龚倩也有同感。“不用朝九晚五坐班,我已经很知足了。”

越飞胆子越小 险些冲出跑道

虽然在生活中和颜悦色,但在工作中,龚倩是很严厉的,因为飞行是一件很严谨的事情,容不得半点差错。“当了机长,整架飞机都归你管了,大大小小的琐事你都得过问,大到飞机要不要绕飞,小到有经济舱客人待在公务舱,要不要把他请走。”

龚倩说,飞行员飞得越久胆子越小,因为经历过的和听过的事情多了。“真的是细思极恐。一不留神,危险就会靠近。有时你会在一件事情过了之后才想起来,哇,今天运气不错,躲过了一劫。”

今年2月,龚倩在一次起飞的10分钟后,发现仪表显示后货舱门开了,各种应急警示都开始出现。这时,以前培训时学过的东西在她脑子里转圈。当时飞机已经飞到6000米,她赶紧跟机务联系,机务问她,飞机增压有没有问题,她说没问题。机务说,增压没问题就继续飞。但她还是不放心,在空中盘旋了两圈,机务帮她查了一下后发现,其中一个传感器坏了,不影响飞行。她的心才安定下来。

高静在飞行中则遇到过更为惊险的一幕。有一次,飞机落地后,系统显示一切正常。结果一侧的反喷(反推力装置,用于飞机减速)手柄没有拉出来,另外一侧反喷手柄已经拉出来了。这就相当于一边已经减速,另外一边还在高速前进,飞机的方向很快出现扭转,往左边冲,当时警示灯就亮了。幸亏机长反应迅速,赶紧把方向修正过来,飞机才没有冲出跑道。高静当时真吓了一跳,后来检查,原来是手柄卡住了,“太可怕了,飞机落地时速度还有300公里/小时。这种情况飞机可能会冲出跑道。就相当于你在高速上爆胎了。跑道只有45米宽,没控制好很快就会冲出去。”

龚倩和高静都表示,让每一次飞行都能平安、顺利,是她们最大的心愿。至于航班少晚点,那是她们第二个的愿望。“少晚点,不要起飞时间推迟两三次还飞不了,我们就知足了。”龚倩说。

(本报记者李妍为此文做出重要贡献)

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